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北师大版必修二Unit4 lesson1 Tomorrow’s world辅导与练习
编辑:第十三中程洁 发布时间:2015-06-20 【 】【打印】 阅读次数:1235

Unit 4 Cyberspace

Lesson 1 Tomorrow’s world辅导与练习

一、will的基本用法是:

1)will(would)表意愿,主要用于第一人称;will指将来,would通常用于间接引语,指过去的将来。如:

I won't argue with you. 

我不愿意跟你争辩。

I said I would do anything for him. 

我说过我愿意为他做任何事。

2)will(would)表拒绝,用于否定句。如:

The doctor knows I won't be operated on. 

大夫知道我不想做手术。

He was wet through, but he wouldn't change. 

他全身湿透了,但不想换衣服。

如主语为物,则意为不起作用。如:

The drawer won't shut. 

抽屉关不上了。

My fountain pen wouldn't write. 

我的自来水笔不能写字了。

3)will(would)表习惯或反复发生的动作。如:

John will fall asleep in church. 

约翰做礼拜时老睡觉。

Most often we would find him lying on a couch, reading. 

我们经常看到他躺在一张长沙发上看书。

有时重读will就有批评的含义。如:

You will keep forgetting things. 

你总是不断地忘事儿。

will可表客观事实。如:

Gold won't dissolve in hydrochloric acid. 

金在盐酸中不溶解。

4)will(would)表请求,指将来,用于疑问句。如:

Will you dine with me tomorrow, Lewis?

刘易斯,明天你同我一道吃饭好吗?

如用would,则语气更客气。如:

Would you mind closing the door?

请关上门好吗?

5)will(would)用于if引导的条件从句,亦表意愿。如:

No, we are not going to quarrel at all if you'll only let me talk. 

不,我们根本不会吵架,只要你让我说话。

6)will表料想,指现在或将来;用于进行式时指现在;用于完成式时则指过去。皆用于第二、第三人称。如:

This will be the school, I believe. 

我想这大概是那所学校。

Hurry up. They will be waiting. 

快点儿吧。他们一定在等我们哩。

You will have heard the news, I'm sure. 

我想你大概听到了这个消息。

有时will表难免。如:

Boys will be boys. 

孩子毕竟是孩子。

二、be going to +动词不定式的基本用法

1. be going to 结构后接动词原形,多用于口语(正式文体中用 will ),其中助动词 be 的形式应随主语的人称和单复数而变化。例:

  I'm going to do my homework this afternoon.

  今天下午我打算做作业。

  When are the boys going to play football

  那些男孩子们要在什么时候踢足球?

  2. be going to 结构多用来表示主观上打算在将来某个时候做某事。例:

  We're going to pick apples next Wednesday.

  我们下周三打算去摘苹果。

  Is your sister going to have a swim tomorrow

  你姐姐明天要去游泳吗?

  3. be going to 结构也可用来表示即将发生的事。例:

  The twins are going to meet Kate at the station at 700.

  那对双胞胎七点钟去车站接凯特。

  The plane is going to take off in ten minutes.

  飞机将在十分钟后起飞。

  4. be going to 结构用来表示根据主观判断肯定将会发生的事。例:

  Look at the heavy clouds It's going to rain.

  看那黑云!天要下雨了。

  He's very ill. I'm afraid he's going to die.

  他病得厉害,我恐怕他将要死了。

  5. be going to 结构后面也能接 be 动词原形。例:

  What time is the game going to be

  比赛将在什么时候开始?

  There is going to be a class meeting this week.

  这周将有一个班会。

  6. be going to 结构后面习惯上不跟 go come 等表位移的动词,一般用该动词的进行时形式表示。例:

  We're going there again next Sunday.

  下周日我们要再去那里。

  Are they coming to your house the day after tomorrow

后天他们将来你家吗?

 

练习

1. – Are you still busy?

  -- Yes, I ____ my work, and it won’t take long.

  A. just finish                            B. am just finishing    

C. have just finished                      D. am just going to finish

2. – What are you going to do this afternoon?

  -- I am going to the cinema with some friends. The film ____ quite early, so we ____ to the bookstore after that.

  A. finished; are going B. finished; go        C. finishes; are going    D. finishes; go

3. Let’s keep to the point or we ____ any decisions.

  A. will never reach   B. have never reached  C. never reach        D. never reached

4. – What’s that terrible noise?

  -- The neighbors _____ for a party.

  A. have prepared    B. are preparing       C. prepare            D. will prepare

5. At this time tomorrow _____ over he Atlantic.

  A. we’re going to fly  B. we’ll be flying     C. we’ll fly           D. we’re to fly

6. – When will you come to see me, Dad?

  -- I will go to see you when you ____ the training course.

  A. will have finished  B. will finish         C. are finishing       D. finish

7. I wonder why Jenny ____ us recently. We should have heard from her by now.

  A. hasn’t written     B. doesn’t write       C. won’t write        D. hadn’t written

8. Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology ____ so rapidly.

  A. is changing      B. has changed        C. will have changed   D. will change

9. In such dry weather, the flowers will have to be watered if they _____.

  A. have survived    B. are to survive       C. would survive      D. will survive

10. – You’ve left the light on.

   -- Oh, I _____ as ill as I do now for a very long time.

   A. I’ll go         B. I’ve gone           C. I go              D. I’m going

11. – Have you heard from Janet recently?

   -- No, but I _____ her over Christmas.

   A. saw           B. ill be seeing        C. have seen          D. have been seeing

12. – Alice’s second-hand computer ____ wrong although she used it only once.

   -- You’d better go to check it.

   A. went           B. has gone          C. is going            D. had gone

13. – Was Charles still there when you arrived?

   -- Yes, but he ______ home soon afterwards.

   A. had gone       B. has gone           C. is going           D. went

14. – Isn’t it hard to drive downtown to work?

   -- Yes, that’s why I _____ to work by train.

   A. have been going  B. have gone         C. was going         D. will have gone

15. – Don’t go there alone in such late hours.

   -- Don’t worry. I _____.

   A. don’t          B. won’t             C. didn’t             D. haven’t

16. – I _____ to a party, but I’ve got nothing to wear.

   -- Why don’t you have a dress made for the party?

   A. was asked       B. will ask           C. have asked         D. have been asked

17. – Do you know if the film _____ on this week?

   -- No, it ____ in Beijing first.

   A. has been; shows                     B. was; ought to show    

C. will be; is shown                     D. is; should be shown

18. – Look, it ____ again.

   -- Yeah. This is the fourth snow we ____ the month.

   A. is snowing; have had                  B. is raining; will have   

 C. snow; have                          D. will snow; had

19. – A good film is on in the cinema, what about going t here?

   -- If you don’t go there, nor ________ I.

   A. will           B. do                C. am               D. did

20. Many new workers ____ trained and in half a year they _____ to build a new railway.

   A. are being; will be sent                 B. are; will be sending

   C. are; will send                        D. will be; will be sent

 

 

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